29 Sep 2012

Merging Dataframes by Partly Matching String

The latest posting by Tony Hirst sparked my attention because I was thinking about a very similar issue recently.

I was also fiddling around with agrep and adist until I realised that for this very issue matching of substrings is not as important as matching multiple words.. With this different approach I quite easily matched all but 3 countries.

See what I did:

## look up matches of one dataframe in another dataframe.
## the strings to be matched are comprised of 1 or more words 
## and seperated by white space.
## method: match strings that have the highest fraction of words that match up

d1 <- read.csv("http://s.telegraph.co.uk/graphics/conrad/PercentageUsingTheNet.csv", 
               header = T, sep = ",", encoding = "UTF-8")
d2 <- read.csv("http://www.iso.org/iso/country_names_and_code_elements_txt",
               header = T, sep = ";", encoding = "UTF-8")

## strings to be compared d1$ECONOMY and d2$Country.Name
mystr.1 <- as.character(d1$ECONOMY)
mystr.2 <- as.character(d2$Country.Name)
mystr.3 <- as.character(d2$ISO.3166.1.alpha.2.code)

## remove punctuation and multiple spaces
mystr.1 <- tolower(gsub("[^[:alnum:][:space:]]", "", mystr.1))
mystr.1 <- gsub("\\s+", " ", mystr.1)
mystr.2 <- tolower(gsub("[^[:alnum:][:space:]]", "", mystr.2))
mystr.2 <- gsub("\\s+", " ", mystr.2)

## function that finds matching words in string (words seperated by single space!)
n.wordshared <- function(x, y) {
    sum(!is.na(match(unlist(strsplit(x, " ")),
                     unlist(strsplit(y, " ")))
         )
        )
    }
## example
n.wordshared(x = "hello world", y = "good bye world")
## [1] 1

## function that calculates fraction of shared words
fr.wordshared <- function(x, y) {
                     n.wordshared(x, y) / (length(unique(unlist(strsplit(x, " "))))
                                           + length(unique(unlist(strsplit(y, " ")))))
                          }
## example
fr.wordshared(x = "hello world", y = "good bye world")
## [1] 0.2

mydf <- data.frame(str1 = mystr.1, mymatch = "", match.iso = "",
                   stringsAsFactors = F)

## now look up every element of string 1 in string 2
## and if there are matching words assign match to dataframe
for (i in 1:nrow(mydf)) {
   xx <- sapply(mystr.2, fr.wordshared, y = mystr.1[i])
   if (sum(xx) == 0) {
     mydf$mymatch[i] <- NA
     mydf$match.iso[i] <- NA
     } else {
     mydf$mymatch[i] <- paste(names(which(xx == max(xx))), collapse = "; ")
     mydf$match.iso[i] <- paste(mystr.3[as.integer(which(xx == max(xx)))], collapse = "; ")
   }
}

## see result
print(mydf)

## these are the multiple matches
(aa <- mydf[grep(";", mydf$mymatch), ])
##
##               str1                            mymatch match.iso
## 28 slovak republic czech republic; dominican republic    CZ; DO


## these were not matched
(bb <- mydf[is.na(mydf$mymatch), ])
##      str1 mymatch match.iso
##
## 61  russia     NA        NA
## 108  syria     NA        NA

Now, expanding on this concept by introduction of partial matching would most propably result in a 100% match...

28 Sep 2012

Reading and Text Mining a PDF-File in R

I just added this R-script that reads a PDF-file to R and does some text mining with it to my Github repo..


17 Sep 2012

Online Questionnaire & Report Generation with Google Drive & R

Here's how I did it in 3 easy steps:

(1) Set up a form in Google Docs/Drive.

(2) Choose "Actions" and "Embed in Website" to get the URL for the iframe and put it in a post, like below. Then, go to the spreadsheet view of the form on Google Docs/Drive and set the share option to "everyone with the link" or "public" and copy the document key from this URL: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0AmwAunwURQNsdFplUTBZUTRLREtLUDhabGxBMHBRWmc

(3) Make a report with knitr in R using the responses that were put to a spreadsheet at Google Docs/Drive. Do (knit) something like THIS to produce a markdown-file, i.e. (I pushed the md-file to Github for publishing - see it rendered to HTML HERE)..






      6 Sep 2012

      Get Long-Term Climate Data from KNMI Climate Explorer

      You can query global climate data from the KNMI Climate Explorer (the KNMI is the Royal Netherlands Metereological Institute) with R.


      Here's a little example how I retreived data for my hometown Innsbruck, Austria and plotted annual total precipitation. You can choose station data by pointing at a map, by setting coordinates, etc.